B.Sc. Horticulture: Eligibility, career scope & course details

Last Updated on July 28, 2023 by Vishnu Nambiar

In this article, we will have an in-depth analysis of B.Sc. Horticulture course. It is an Undergraduate Level program that will help one build a career in the Agriculture/Plantation management/Research and Development sector. In this article, you will be able to find information such as- basic course details, important subjects present, course duration, eligibility criteria, courses to do after B.Sc. Horticulture, scope and Job opportunities after Graduation.

Students who have an interest in plant cultivation, research in the field of plant genetics and outdoor work may pursue this course. It is a course that will help one land jobs in Government as well as Private sector. Especially with the help of PG courses like M.Sc. and PhD, one really has a good chance to build a rewarding career in the R&D sector.

Let us take a look at the basic course details as well as course duration details-

B.Sc. Horticulture: Basic course details

It is a 3 years long Undergraduate Level Bachelor’s Degree program. Like all B.Sc. courses, this one too has the semester system of learning. The 3 years’ duration is divided into 6 semesters, with each semester lasting a period of 6 months.


During each semester, students will have to face separate sets of theoretical subjects as well as lab practical sessions associated with those subjects.


B.Sc. Horticulture program is all about cultivation of plants, starting from seed related study to scientific study of cultivation, genetics of plants, plant diseases etc. In short, it is all about the application of scientific knowledge in plant cultivation and thus increase productivity and yield!


For achieving the said goal of improved productivity, this branch makes use of concepts of Biology, Biochemistry, Genetic Engineering etc. To get a better understanding about the course structure, let us take a look at some of the important subjects present in B.Sc. Horticulture program.


B.Sc. Horticulture syllabus and important subjects

Only the important subjects present in the program have been listed. This has been done so that readers may get a better idea about the course structure.

  • Fundamentals of Horticulture
  • Basic of Plant Genetics
  • Ornamental Horticulture
  • Soil Science and Engineering
  • Plant Biochemistry
  • Plant Biotechnology
  • Plant Physiology
  • Microbiology
  • Botany
  • Plantation Management
  • Nursery Management
  • Study of different types of fruits
  • Study of different types of Vegetables
  • Food Technology
  • Water Resource Management
  • Environmental Science
  • Weed Management
  • Entomology
  • Plant Pathology
  • Farm Machinery and Equipment
  • Orchard Management
  • Studies of Extensions
  • Plant Breeding
  • Crop Processing
  • Common Diseases in Plants
  • Agroforestry
  • Medicinal Plants
  • Aromatic Plants
  • Spices
  • Apiculture
  • Marketing and Management
  • Entrepreneurship Skills
  • Seed Technology


Apart from the theoretical subjects and practical sessions, hands on Industrial and field training programs also form an integral part of B.Sc. Horticulture program.


Eligibility Criteria

10+2 Science stream students with Physics, Chemistry and Biology subjects, who have passed 12th board examination from a recognized board are eligible to pursue this course. Also, students must have appeared for state level entrance examination to be considered eligible to take part in the admission process.


Also read:

Best courses to do after 12th Science

List of high salary jobs in India

List of best B.Sc. courses

B.Sc. Agriculture course

B.F.Sc. course

B.Sc. Forestry course


Courses to do after B.Sc. Horticulture

The best PG course available in front of B.Sc. Horticulture Graduates is M.Sc. Horticulture program. Using this PG program, students may specialize in disciplines within Horticulture sector, such as- ornamental plants, fruit/vegetables, spices etc.


After M.Sc. program, students may go for advanced PhD program too.


If it is a management course that you are interested in, then an M.B.A. Degree will be of help.


Career scope and Job opportunities

Job opportunities are available for Graduates in Government as well as Private sector. Talking about Government sector jobs, Officer level posts are available for B.Sc. Horticulture Graduates in State wise Agriculture Departments, State wise Forestry Departments as well as Boards like Spice/Coir/Rubber boards etc.


Coming to the Private Sector, job opportunities are available in areas such as Private Plantations, Agricultural Machinery and Equipment manufacturing firms, Agricultural Products marketing firms, Ornamental plants and flowers businesses, Food Production and Technology Industry etc.


After finishing M.Sc. Horticulture program, one may also take up the post of a Lecturer in Government or Private Colleges. Taking up advanced PhD course will help one build a career in the lucrative Research and development sector associated with this field.

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    • It depends on factors such as – quality of the college you pursued the course from, your skills, aptitude and academic performance.


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