B.Sc. Biotechnology

Last Updated on July 28, 2023 by Vishnu Nambiar

B.Sc. in Biotechnology is the course that we will be analyzing in this article. As usual, we will take a closer look at this course and check out basic course details, course duration, career prospects and advantages of pursuing this course. Without wasting time, let us get started with basic details regarding B.Sc. in Biotechnology.

Basic details about B.Sc. Biotechnology course

Biotechnology is a combination of two subjects- Biology and Technology. Broadly speaking, it brings together concepts of Biology and Engineering and aims at putting concepts of both these subjects together, in a bid to enrich our lives and make innovative developments.


Biotechnology is well known by the short name of biotech. In simple terms, biotechnology deals with the modification or enhancement of living organisms according to human purposes. The main aim of this branch of science is the creation of useful products (from living organisms) or enhancement of living organisms which will result in increase in their value.


Biotechnology consists of elements of molecular biology, biochemistry, cell biology, embryology, genetics, microbiology and technology. Do you want to see examples of biotechnology at work? Here are some such examples – tissue culture, genetic engineering and cell culture.


Let us talk about the areas of application now. Biotechnology has applications in different areas/domains. Broadly speaking, it has applications in areas such as – healthcare, pharmaceuticals, agriculture, recycling, food processing and production.


Let us consider some real life applications of biotechnology now. Let us start –


Biotechnology is used to genetically modify plants and improve their resistance towards diseases and harmful microorganisms. In short, this will help improve agricultural productivity. Similarly, biotechnology is used to develop organic fertilizers.


Biotechnology is also used for recycling waste material. Directly and indirectly, this branch of science contributes towards environmental conservation and sustainable development.


Biotechnology sector is growing at a steady pace in India. Not just India, this sector is growing at a decent pace across the world! In short, this sector is set to create ample amount of job opportunities in the future.


At present, this sector offers limited amount of job opportunities (well rewarding ones) in India. But this scenario will change in the near future. The R&D sector associated with biotechnology sector is well rewarding (both financially and career growth-wise).


Biotechnology course material can be classified into two sections- theory section and practical section. In theory section, students will have to deal with subjects related to biology as well as basic technology concepts.


Practical section is also very important. Students will have to spend good amount of time in laboratory, performing practical lessons as well as lab training.


At the end of the course, research project is also held. Lab activities form a major part of project.


Eligibility Criteria

12th Science stream students are eligible to apply for this course. Both PCM (Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics) as well as PCB (Physics, Chemistry and Biology) group students are eligible for this course.


Students have to appear for State wide as well as National level admission entrance tests to get admission in Government approved Institutes.


Course duration

B.Sc. Biotechnology course is a 3 years long course. Theory, practical and research project- all these parts have to be dealt with in these 3 years duration.



Science colleges across India are known to offer B.Sc. Biotechnology course. Colleges offering this academic program can be broadly classified into two types – Government colleges and private colleges.


Government colleges, as the name suggests, are operated by the State or Central Government. These colleges provide subsidized education to students. This is the main reason why students prefer Govt institutes over private ones.


Private colleges are also known as self-financing institutes. These colleges are operated by private educational or charitable trusts. And like other private professional colleges, these self-financing colleges are also known to charge relatively higher tuition fees.


Here are some of the popular colleges offering B.Sc. Biotechnology course in India –

  • University of Hyderabad
  • NDRI, Karnal
  • University of Mysore
  • Punjab University
  • Jamia Milia Islamia
  • University of Calcutta
  • University of Pune
  • Bangalore University
  • MSU, Vadodara
  • Gulbarga University
  • IIT Delhi
  • IIT Kanpur
  • BHU
  • HPU
  • AMU
  • University of Mumbai
  • University of Lucknow
  • Anna University
  • Government Science College, Bengaluru
  • Karnataka University
  • Rajiv Gandhi Center for Biotechnology
  • Madras Veterinary College
  • University of Calicut
  • Amity University
  • SRM University
  • PES Institute of Technology



Tuition fees depends upon the following factors – type of college (Government or self-financing), scholarship status of the student, rating of the college etc. On an average, tuition fees could be anywhere between 50-100K INR per year.


Admission process

Reputed institutes rely on merit based admission process. Under this system of admission, seats are distributed among deserving candidates on the basis of their performance in relevant entrance exam/interview/selection test.


If you want to secure admission into a good college, you must score well in relevant selection test. These exams are conducted at State, College and National levels. The main aim of such a selection test is to facilitate merit based admission process.


Some colleges are also known to carry out direct admission process. Under this system, seats are allotted to eligible candidates on the basis of first come, first served basis. Some colleges are also known to carry out donation based admission process (management quota).



Here are some of the important subjects present in B.Sc. Biotechnology curriculum –

  • Molecular structure and analysis: Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acid, chemical kinetics, enzymatic kinetics, genes, DNA etc.
  • Biophysics and instrumentation: biophysical methods, identification of materials, separation of materials, microscopy, centrifugation, spectroscopy, X-Ray Crystallography.
  • Cell structure and dynamics: cell biology, cellular organs, origin of life, different types of cells, structure of cells, membrane structure, cell cycle.
  • Calculus: Integration, differentiation, limit, continuity, mean value theorem, trigonometric function.
  • Organic mechanisms: Biomolecules, lipid metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism, amino acid metabolism, nucleotide metabolism.
  • Transmission genetics: Basics of genetics, mandelism, chromosome theory, linkage and crossing over, extension of Mandelism, Non-Mandelian inheritance, gene function, Allelic variation, chromosomal variation, chromosome mapping, pedigree analysis, genetic hypothesis.
  • Microbiology: Classification of microbes, sterilization, staining techniques, pathogenic microorganisms, virology.
  • Biomathematics: Algebra, geometry and series.
  • Microbial genetics: Prokaryotic genomes, genetic exchange, gene regulation, bacteriophages, bacteriophage genetics.
  • Immunology: Immune response, immunoglobulin gene expression, histocompatibility complexes, immuno techniques, vaccination, autoimmune diseases.
  • Tissue culture: tissue culture techniques, cell culture, vitro culture, tissue nutrition, tissue culture methodologies, cloning, organ culture.
  • Plant biotechnology: Plant tissue culture, plant genetic engineering, genetic modification in agriculture, genetically modified food.
  • Bioinformatics: Genomics, functional proteomics, computational genomics, sequence alignment, data base search, structural data bases.
  • Biodiversity and taxonomy: Global patterns of biodiversity, biodiversity and conservation, exotic species, endangered species, basics of taxonomy.
  • Animal biotechnology: Gene transfer, transgenic animals, animal diseases, animal propagation, conservation biology, genetic modification.
  • Molecural biology techniques: DNA isolation, plasmid DNA isolation, gel electrophoresis, polymerase chain reaction, gel documentation and photography.
  • Environmental Biotechnology: environmental problems, environmental management, environmental pollution, bioremediation.
  • Industrial biotechnology: commercial production of microorganisms, bioconversions, products from microorganisms, bioremediation, microbial growth, fermenter, enzyme technology, biological fuel generation,
  • Medical biotechnology: Gene therapy, vaccines, synthetic therapy, tissue culture, drug delivery.


Advantages of doing B.Sc. Biotechnology

The major advantage of doing a B.Sc. course in this subject is that the course duration is short, when compared to a B.E./B.Tech. program. B.Sc. course takes 3 years to complete. Whereas B.E./B.Tech. program takes 4 years.


Another advantage is the relatively low saturation level in this field. From facts and figures, it is quite evident that B.Sc. Biotechnology is not a very popular professional course among 12th Science students. Students prefer courses like B.E./B.Tech., MBBS, BDS etc. On seeing the ‘B.Sc.’ label, they tend to ignore Biotechnology course. This has resulted in relatively less number of takers for this course. Ultimately, this has resulted in low job market saturation too! So, it is safe to say that finding a good job after graduation won’t be a tough task, when compared to heavily saturated courses!


Then comes the attractive prospect of availability of lucrative scholarships. Many State Governments are offering all studies expense covering scholarships to meritorious students, who choose to pursue B.Sc. course. Such scholarships are provided to students scoring above 85% merit marks only.


Biotechnology is a rapidly developing sector. Advancements are being made at good pace in this sector. Big firms are pouring in big money into it and new business opportunities are developing in this sector. These things have led to huge increase in job openings in this sector. In short, Biotechnology graduates are in huge demand these days.


PG courses that can be done after B.Sc. Biotechnology

After B.Sc. Biotechnology, one may go for M.Sc. Biotechnology, the Masters course. M.Sc. course will take two years to complete. After completing B.Sc. and M.Sc. Degrees, one may venture into PhD also!


Another post graduate course that can be done after B.Sc. Biotechnology is M.B.A. It will take 2 years to get an M.B.A. Degree.


Career prospects, job opportunities, salary and scope

As I pointed out above, this is a rapidly developing field. Many private businesses are exploring this field and heavily investing in it. It is safe to say that there are ample job opportunities for Biotechnology graduates in private sector. Government sector too offers job opportunities, but not in the scale in which private sector does.


Some prominent industries where Biotechnology professionals may find jobs are- Pharmaceuticals Industry, Healthcare sector, Chemical Industry and Research sector.


Research sector in particular is quite lucrative. One may build a rewarding career in this field. To thrive in this field, one must possess B.Sc. as well as M.Sc. Degree! Average starting salary generally is between 2- 5 Lakh Rupees per year.


Also read: Courses after 12th Science Biology (PCB)

List of all professional courses after 12th

Biotechnology courses in India

Medical entrance exams in India


Hope I covered all important details related to Bachelor of Science Degree in Biotechnology. It is a good course and is relatively less saturated. Moreover, state Governments are offering attractive scholarships too, for top ranking students who are willing to pursue B.Sc. courses!

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72 thoughts on “B.Sc. Biotechnology”

  1. I am a biomaths Student.I choose B.Sc biotechnology is a good decision or not?and is there any scope in this biotech field?

    • Yes, you may pursue this course. If you are willing to work hard and pursue this course from a good college, you may build a decent career in this sector.

  2. Sir …
    After completing graduation in BSC biotechnology , can I give papers of banking n others sectors for jobs..???

  3. I have completed b.sc biotech which company should i approach for a job ? Tell me the universities offering M.sc in bioinformatics or microbiology

  4. Sir,I’ve done my 12 board with phy,chem,bio , math but math is my optional subject and i expect that my marks in maths will be poor (near about 40 out of 100) as well…..in this situation can i apply for bsc biotechnology?

  5. Hello , sir , Ma’am. Who so ever is reading .what is total amount of money ihave to invest in biotechnology courses. Such as Bsc biotechnology and Msc biotechnology .And what is the job opportunities in this field.

    • Job opportunities have been mentioned in the article. Please read carefully. Fees may vary from one institute to another. Government colleges charge relatively lower fees that their private counterparts. Private colleges charge anywhere between 50-100K INR per academic year. It is an average figure. For more details, you should check brochure of a specific institute.

  6. Hello sir,
    Can you please tell me what is the present scope of MBA in biotechnology after B.sc biotechnology in india… I have recently finished my 12th boards and thinking of a carrer in MBA biotechnology also please tell the job opportunities in this and salary

  7. Sir I’m studying in class 12 and l chose to study biotechnology after 12th and I hope to become biotech analyst so please suggest me a good course I can do after bsc biotechnology

  8. i have done bsc biotechnology in 2012 now I m tired to find a job in this field or still I don’t know what will be my designation on job plz help me find relevant job in my stream or desigination

  9. I have done my +2 with physics, chemistry and biology. Can I go for b.tech biotechnology?? Bt, I m not good in maths… Plzzz suggest me

    • You’ll have to refer with a College offering this course in order to ascertain the eligibility criteria. I’ve seen that it varies slightly from one college to another.

  10. Hello sir,
    I am asking for my daughter, now she is in 12th grade, she would like to join B.Sc biotechnology, what about the career opportunities in India & abroad ? Is she can do PG in nanotechnology after B.Sc biotechnology.

  11. Hlo,sir I am 10th student and I want pcb and I am confused which stream I should opt BSc biotechnology or BSc microbiology plsss suggest me about it…….and career opportunities for both streams…

    • As long as you pursue the course from a reputed institute, it’s good. Also, you must have the aptitude and skills to thrive in this field.

  12. sir, m in last year of bsc biotechnology so can uh suggest me that which one is better among msc biotechnology or msc food technology. plz suggest me

  13. Hello sir,I am in bsc biotech 2nd year.In my institute training must be done by students in summer vacation . May you consult research institute which offers training or a government programme related to training .

  14. hlo sir. I am doing my bachelors in biotechnology final year . I want to do a job regarding my field because i cant continue my studies due to my financials. can you please help me to select or guide any field or job related this?

  15. Sir I have been doing my bsc biotechnology. After this I have decided to do MBA biotech ..by this can I get job at Germany??

  16. In Bsc. biotechnology where the chemistry concepts available or not. I completed hsc with physics , chemistry , and bio current year. And what about career after biotech?

    • Yes, chemistry subject will be present in Biotechnology program. After graduation, you may work for core biotech firms or allied fields such as healthcare, pharmaceuticals, food processing etc.

    • Surya, Physiotherapy has got decent scope in India. After the course, one may work at hospitals, rehabilitation clinics, gyms and health clubs, start own practice etc.

    • Jakeerat, taking into account career prospects at the moment in India, I’d go for Physiotherapy course.

    • raveena, suitable for girls, no doubt about that. But can’t predict salary. Vacancies are available in sectors like research, pharmaceutics, healthcare sector etc. But better jobs can be landed after further studies.

  17. sir i completed +2 in last year my subject is phy,che,bio can i eligible for bio-chemistry ,i want to benefits of bio chemistry& job details sir

    • Hemalatha, you may study it. Job opportunities are available in Chemical industry, Food processing sector, Pharmaceutical sector etc.

  18. I the salary earn by doing bio technology insufficient just 2 – 5lakhs per year ?……… . it is less nd what about in australia if i have done biotechnology fully and then i want to opt a job in Australia what will be my montly income ……? i wish the ansr would be satisfying

    • Yes Misty, it is accepted in USA and other countries as long as you pursue the course from a recognized Institute in India.

  19. i have taken physics , chemistry, maths , computer science group .. can i study bsc biotechnology after my 10+2 ? am i eligible ??


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