B.Ed. Course

Last Updated on July 29, 2023 by Vishnu Nambiar

Do you want to become a teacher? Is teaching your passion? If yes, this article will be of help to you. Here, we will have an in-depth analysis of B.Ed. (Bachelor of Education) course. It is one of the most popular teacher training courses in India!

How’s this article of help to me, you may ask. Here, you will find everything you need to know about B.Ed. course. This article covers topics such as – course details, duration, eligibility, colleges, syllabus, admission process, PG courses, career prospects and salary details.  

  This article has got something for everyone! Yes, this article will be of help to 12th pass students and Graduates. I’ve mentioned B.Ed. programs, which are of use to both sides!   As I mentioned before, B.Ed. is one of the most popular teacher training courses in India. For other courses, check out this guide – exhaustive list of teacher training courses in India.   Here’s an overview of the course –

  • Name of the course: B.Ed. (Bachelor of Education)
  • Duration: 2 years
  • Eligibility: Graduation from a recognized College/University

Teaching is a very noble profession. A teacher commands immense respect in the society. B.Ed. course can prove to be your stepping stone towards a career in teaching sector!   First of all, let us check out some basic details about this academic program. Here they are –

B.Ed. in India: The story so far

B.Ed. stands for Bachelor of Education. At first, it may seem to be an undergraduate level Bachelor’s Degree course! You’re wrong! Technically, B.Ed. is a Master’s level course. It means that only Graduates are eligible to pursue this course!   In India, B.Ed. Degree is required in order to be considered eligible to teach higher secondary and senior secondary level students! This course was designed to churn out skilled HS (Higher Secondary) and SS (Senior Secondary) teachers!   NCTE (National Council for Teacher Education) is the body that takes care of the quality of teacher training in India. This body looks after the overall curriculum, training methods and quality of teacher training colleges in India.   B.Ed. program trains students so that they become capable of teaching relevant subjects. For example, candidates hailing from arts stream are trained to teach subjects related to arts stream, such as – history, geography, politics etc.   Similarly, students hailing from science stream are trained to teach subjects related to science stream, such as – physics, chemistry, mathematics etc. The same formula applies in case of commerce stream students. I hope you understand how this program works!   A teacher must possess some notable quality, skills and traits. B.Ed. course does a good job at instilling these skills in candidates. Some of these skills are –

  • Educational Technology
  • Student Psychology
  • Student Evaluation and Assessment
  • Leadership
  • Communication Skills
  • Subject-specific Skills and Knowledge

Initially, it was a 1 year long course, which Graduates could pursue after completing their graduation. But the quality of old B.Ed. program was not up to the mark! The Government realized this fact and worked on the curriculum and training methods.   As a result, it came up with the new – 2 years long – B.Ed. program. It’s being said that the authorities are again planning to revamp this course’s structure!   The authorities have also introduced an integrated B.Ed. program, keeping the needs of 12th pass students in mind. Under this program, a student is taught a Bachelor’s Degree course + B.Ed.   Integrated B.Ed. course is 4 years long. For example – BA + B.Ed., B.Sc. + B.Ed. etc.

Types of B.Ed. programs in India

I’ve mentioned this topic before. But I’m mentioning it again here for the sake of my readers.   There are two main types of B.Ed. programs in India. They are –

  • Regular B.Ed. (2 years)
  • Integrated B.Ed. (4 years)


Bachelor’s Degree holders are eligible to pursue regular B.Ed. course. 12th pass students are eligible to pursue integrated B.Ed. course.


Regular B.Ed. program is 2 years long. Integrated B.Ed. programs are 4 years long.

Modes of learning

B.Ed. program is available in two main learning modes. They are –

  • Full time classroom program
  • Distance education program


Here are some of the important subjects present in B.Ed. curriculum –

  • Educational Technology
  • Student Psychology
  • Student Evaluation and Assessment
  • Leadership
  • Communication Skills
  • Subject-specific Skills and Knowledge


There are two types of B.Ed. Colleges in India. They are –

  • Government B.Ed. Colleges
  • Self Financed (SF) B.Ed. Colleges

You’ll be able to find a B.Ed. college in almost all major districts across Indian states! Let us talk about admission process now.

Admission Process

Reputed Institutes rely on merit based admission process. They allot seats to deserving candidates on the basis of merit marks scored by them in relevant entrance exam.   Some Institutes are known to conduct direct admission process. Some other Colleges are known to conduct donation based admission process too.   If you want to secure admission to a Government or highly rated Self Financed College, you must crack relevant entrance exam.


Tuition fees depends upon the following factors –

  • Type of College (Government or SF)
  • Rating and Reputation of College
  • Scholarship status of the student

Government B.Ed. colleges are known to charge a low, nominal tuition fees. On an average, SF (Private) B.Ed. colleges charge anywhere between 30-60K INR per annum.   Additional expenses such as – canteen fees, hostel fees, safety deposit etc – may also apply! Readers should check the website/prospectus of the desired college in order to find the exact fees and expenses.

PG courses

After completing B.Ed. or Integrated B.Ed., you may go for M.Ed. (Master of Education). M.Ed. is the most popular choice among B.Ed. graduates!   Apart from that, B.Ed. graduates also have access to PG Diploma and PG Certificate programs related to teaching, education, teaching technology etc.

You may also check –

Special education courses in India

List of entrance exams after 12th

Career Prospects

B.Ed. is a job oriented teacher training program. B.Ed. graduates have access to diverse job opportunities. Broadly speaking, they have access to three main types of jobs. They are –

Here are some of the private sector recruiters –

  • Private Schools
  • Private Coaching Centers
  • Private Tuition Centers
  • Education Consultancies

Here are some of the Government sector recruiters –

  • Education Departments
  • Government Schools
  • Rural Education Centers
  • Vocational Schools

If you want to become self-employed, you may start the following ventures –

  • Private Tuition Classes
  • Private Coaching Center
  • Home Tuition
  • Online Tutoring

In the above mentioned places, B.Ed. graduates may don the following roles –

  • Teacher
  • Instructor
  • Counselor
  • Education Consultant


Starting salary of a B.Ed. graduate depends upon a number of factors. Some of the notable factors are –

  • Nature of work that he/she chooses (private, Govt, self-employment etc)
  • His/her academic qualification (UG/PG/Doctoral etc)
  • Job location
  • Status of the employer

On an average, private schools offer around 15-30K INR per month. Government job salary will be as per the pay scale and band. If you choose to remain self-employed, income will depend on your skills, aptitude and overall management of the venture!

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