Agricultural Engineering course, scope, career and salary details

Last Updated on July 27, 2023 by Vishnu Nambiar

There are so many Engineering branches available out there that choosing the right one has become very difficult for Science stream students. There are the old, traditional branches available on one side. On the other side, there are relatively new branches available. Along with these branches, there are some off-beat branches available too, which, due to some reasons, remain relatively unpopular among 12th Science stream students! In this article, I will be dealing with one such branch- Agricultural Engineering. B.E./B.Tech. programs in Agricultural Engineering are offered by a number of Agriculture Universities and Institutes in India. Students find these programs unattractive and less valuable. But the fact is that this branch is highly job oriented. Particularly in an Agrarian country like India, Agricultural Engineering professionals are in demand. So, completing B.E./B.Tech. program in this branch will ensure one a good job! In this article, I will cover basic course details of B.E./B.Tech. Agricultural Engineering program, important subjects present in the program, eligibility criteria, scope and job opportunities after graduation.


B.E./B.Tech. Agricultural Engineering: Basic course details

It is a 4 years long Undergraduate program, which is fully residential. The 4 year period is divided into 8 semesters, with each semester lasting a period of 6 months. In each semester, students have to face different sets of theoretical subjects as well as practical and lab sessions.


Agricultural Engineering program combines the concepts and techniques of Agriculture and modern technology and Engineering practices. It can be said that the program is an amalgamation of more than one discipline. It is a combination of various disciplines such as- animal and plant sciences, geology, environment science, core Engineering branches, modern agricultural technology etc.


To get a better idea about B.E./B.Tech. Agricultural Engineering, let us take a look at some of the important subjects present in these programs-


B.E./B.Tech. Agricultural Engineering: Important subjects present in the program

I will be listing only the important subjects, which will give you an idea about what the B.E./B.Tech. program is like-

  • Engineering Mathematics
  • Chemistry
  • Engineering Physics
  • Mechanics of Solids
  • Elements of Electrical Engineering
  • Communication Skills
  • Engineering Graphics
  • Environment Science
  • Computer Programming and Utilization
  • Agriculture Engineering
  • Thermodynamics
  • Land Surveying and Leveling
  • Food Processing and Quality
  • Biological Materials
  • Fluid Mechanics
  • Agriculture Business and Marketing
  • Soil Mechanics
  • Agriculture Machinery
  • Water Resource Management
  • Energy and Sources
  • Irrigation Engineering
  • Theory of Machines
  • Information Technology Basics
  • Computer Graphics
  • Dairy Engineering
  • Electrical Machines
  • Strength of Materials
  • Water resources and working of pumps
  • Drainage Engineering
  • Food storage
  • Product Preservation
  • Renewable Energy sources
  • Entrepreneurship skills


Those were some important subjects present in the program. As you can see, the first year (1st and 2nd semester) consists of the common subjects. Then onward, subjects focusing on Agriculture sector are introduced. Some subjects are recurring ones and will keep on appearing in more than one semester! It is evident from the above list of subjects that the B.E./B.Tech. Agriculture program consists of elements of even Electrical, Mechanical, Civil, Chemical and Computer Engineering, along with Agriculture science!


You may also check –

Agriculture courses after 12th

B.Sc. Agriculture course



Apart from theoretical subjects, practical sessions are also given much importance. Workshops and study tours are held at regular intervals. Also, during the last two semesters, Industrial training as well as Project work are also present.


Eligibility Criteria

12th Science stream students who have passed their 12th board examination from a recognized board are eligible to pursue this course. Both mathematics and biology group students are eligible. Minimum marks criteria exists, but may differ from one University to another. Generally, it is between 40-50% marks in PCM or PCB subjects. Also, state level entrance examination marks are also taken into consideration while allotting seats to candidates.


Scope, Salary and Job opportunities

It is safe to say that number of Government job posts are available for Graduates. B.E./B.Tech. graduates may join Agriculture Departments of different State Governments. They may easily land Officer post in this department. Apart from that, other Government Departments where graduates may find jobs are- Food Department, Research Departments, Dairy Boards (State wise), Coir Board etc.


After gaining sufficient work experience (Government or Private job), one may start working as a Consultant.


When it comes to Private sector, Fertilizer firms, Research and development firms, Agriculture Machinery manufacturing firms, Food Products Processing and Manufacturing firms etc are the prime recruiters. Average starting salary is between 2.5- 4.5 Lakh Rupees per year.


Some well known job posts available in front of Graduates are-

  • Agriculture Officer
  • Quality Assurance Officer
  • Farm Manager
  • Research Engineer
  • Process Manager
  • Purchase Manager


Salary Specs Overview
1 Government Job- fixed salary band, depending upon Officer Grade and Class. 2 Private Sector Job- between 2.5-4.5 Lakh Rupees per year. 3 Entrepreneurship- not fixed. 4 Consultancy- not fixed.


B.E./B.Tech. Agricultural Engineering graduates may also go for M.E./M.Tech. Agricultural Engineering program. This will make it possible for them to pursue a career in the teaching sector. Also, it open door that will lead one to the R&D sector also. One may also work as a consultant and start one’s own venture after B.E./B.Tech. program.

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108 thoughts on “Agricultural Engineering course, scope, career and salary details”

  1. I studied diploma in agriculture can I eligible for B tech agricultural and what is the best college in Andra pradesh tell me plz

  2. Sir, do we have to appear for any practical exam or entrance exam for b tech agriculture prior to admission? Please do reply!

  3. now i am studying for CET entrance exam.and then I will gone for agriculture engineering,so plzz guide to me for my better future…

  4. Sir I have done in agriculture. I am searching job in private sector.what should I do for good job plzz plzzz help me sir

  5. I am currently pursuing Agribusiness management (PGDM) & had graduation in Agricultural Engineering. Want to built my career abroad in Agricultural marketing as I am also doing the digital marketing short course. I am a fresher. Can you suggest the best options available for me?

  6. Sir i am 12 appearing student with PCM can i apply for this field and what all are the procedures and when addmition will start?

    • Yes, you may apply. Admission is usually done on the basis of merit marks scored in relevant entrance test (such as state-wise entrance test).

  7. I’m in my last year of agriculture engineering. After this i m yet confused either to opt for my further studies or to prepare for jobs? If studying further is good then what coarses should i opt for or what are the job opportunities after this.?

    • Agriculture after mechanical engineering is not quite matching. You should go for some technical courses relevant to mechanical field.

  8. Sir, will this career’s experience helped me in my own farming if (suppose) no job will get me after completing in agri.?

  9. Sir,I completed my 12th standard in Tamil Nadu this year.I am going to pursue agricultural engineering. Please tell me its scope, job oppurtunities, average salary in India and more about it.
    Is B.Sc agriculture best or BE agriculture best ?

  10. Sir, I am btech agricultural student. I don’t having ICAR certificate. Am I eligible for government jobs and what kind of jobs are presented in private sector

  11. Sir l have completed diploma in computer science engineering. I am intrested B Tech in
    agricultural engineering so Sir please guide me

  12. Jadhav Akshay ‘ Sir l have complete diploma in mechanical engineering. Sir I am intrested B Tech in
    agriculture engineering so Sir please guide me about

  13. sir i m complete my degree but in our chhattisgarh state there have no jobs for agri engineers so sir i m go to job or higher degree program

  14. sir i have completed my 10+2 with pcm but i am not good in chemisty . which field should i prefer to get good remark in many of them told for btec ag .is it good option for me or not????

    • Agricultural engineering is a decent field. Not so good, not so bad either. A lot depends on the quality of the institute from which you pursue the course.

  15. sir, i want to know more about the career option after B.E./ in government sector and about the salary .and can you also suggest some books regarding icar maths stream.

  16. hi arun,
    I have completed my B.Tech in Mechanical engineering and i am much interested to do (agriculrure) in farm power and machinery….so i am eligible for or not???

  17. Dear Arun,

    I completed my graduation in B.Tech(Information Technology),Now working in as Software MNC.

    I want to Study Agricultural engineering,is this applicable for me?

    if Yes : Can you please suggest Process for this.

  18. My son completed M Tech in Agricultural Engineering/Enviromental Engineering from IIT. What employment opportunity is open for him in our country or in a foreign country.

    • Rina, Government job include Agriculture boards, Banks (loan officer), Food related departments etc. R&D field jobs are rewarding too. Private job opportunities include plantations (manager), food processing industry, R&D etc.

  19. Hi Sir,
    My brother is studying Btech(Agri) in a college in which this course was just started. He is not feeling any future scope of this course and I could see the education quality in that college is also not as expected. We’re regretting our decision of doing this course and feeling hopeless. Can you advice us on how to proceed in studies and future opportunities for him (including Higher studies, jobs). Also is there any chances for him to come into software field.

    • Anitha, getting into software field would be bit difficult. Still, you may ask him to make use of programming courses and get used to that field. Another option is to select a good management course and pursue it from a reputed institute. That PG Degree could help him land good jobs in the future.

  20. Sir. I am a student of b tech agricultural engineering. 6th sem. I am interested in going for post graduation studies but there are no coachings available for gate and other exams. Can you please suggest how to prepare for the same? Are there options available other than m tech, gre or mba?

  21. How may posts are there in agricultural field so that i should get a good salary. and i should also get the benefits for choosing this field as my career selection

  22. Dear arun iam tulasiram I completed in computer science .I want to do job related to agriculture can u suggest the ways which covers both agriculture and computer science

  23. Sir i am priya from kolkata west bengal i hav passed 10+2 with pcm and biology too from cbse board . Sir i am cofused to take between computer sci. Engineering and Agriculture engineering . Which has best scope for girls and i also wanto know good universities for the option u think apt for me in kolkata ?

    • Veeresh, you may pursue Degree and advanced courses to boost you skills. After that, you may make use of job portals and recruitment dailies to find job abroad and apply for them.

  24. sir i am appearing in 10+2 pcm and i am confused in civil and agricultural engg. , which one should i opt for good career and also tell me the best field of job in agricultural engg. .and what is R&D

  25. sir i am appearing in 10+2 pcm and i am confused for the stream in i have 2 options civil and agricultural eng. which should i prefer for good career in govt. jobs . and for agricultural engg. which job is best

  26. hi,
    I have done BE in Electronics and Communication domain and working as Software Engineer. Now I am getting urge to do R& D in agricultural field and assist to implement the same in fields
    What are the open options for me? what courses I should study, how to start this journey?

    • Santhosh, you could have done M.Tech. Agricultural Engineering. But the undergraduate course you done is not relevant to the field of Agriculture. So, you are technically ineligible to pursue the PG course and venture into the R&D field.

  27. Sir i m appearing in 12th wih PCM can i
    take addmision in agriculture….if
    yes to please uske process bataye…..

    • Nikhilesh, you may join. Just approach Agricultural Universities in your state and enquire about the admission process. Usually, it is based on merit marks that you’ll score in Board examination and Entrance test.

  28. iam vinitha pursuing in food process engineering AEC&RI TNAU coimbatore what kimd of job i wil get in my future pls guide me what should i do ? what should am prepare in remaining three years???…pls guide me sir…..and also say about some scope in government sector so related to food oriented jobs….and other jobs thank you..

    • Vinitha, when it comes to Government sector, Food Boards (State wise as well as Central) offers the maximum number of jobs. Other that that, you will also be able to apply for other Govt jobs that demand a Graduation Degree. In private sector, Food processing industries and chemical industries have good job opportunities.

  29. sir i have got admission in agriculture engineering .would you please tell me what is the scope of agriculture engineering and salaries in Pakistan and all over the world

    • Ghulam, I’m not knowledgeable about salary out there in Pakistan or other parts of the World. But I can say that the R&D sector of this field is developing fast and can help you get well paying jobs.

  30. what are the jobs there for the agricultural engineering . Many are saying that it is an waste of taking this course is it true and my final doubt is for coming years the jobs may increase or decrease …

    • Akhilesh, those who are pursuing this course from mediocre institutes will find it as useless, since they will have difficult time finding a job. In India, jobs in this field will increase. Research scope abroad is good. But for getting into that sector, you must pursue this course and its advanced formats from a reputed institute.

  31. Sir i am pursuing B.Tech in Agricultural engineering. Currently i am in third year. I want to study further. What are other options besides GATE for M tech? Also i am specifically interested in studying M. tech in farm power and machineries. Could you please suggest some good colleges for the same?

  32. sir i am going to complete my 12th… i want to take btech.agriculture ,,but please tell me which is important bsc or btech ? and many are telling that btech agriculture nowadays is being of no use that true ?

    • Vimal, for mediocre students, passing out from mediocre Institutes, scope may be dull. But overall, it is a decent Branch is you have right aptitude and skills.

  33. Sir I’m pursuing graduation from agricultural engineering branch .its my first year…form IGKV Raipur…n I’m in deep thought… That what will I do in future… What’s scope for…me ..
    And one thing is that ,there no one guider, who guide me about my future.. Some people s says that there is no scope for agricultural engineering… N besides some says . it has scope only in govt. Sector ….
    Plz sir help me…
    I’m lived in village. N in my surrounding no one hv idea about this branch…..plz…plz…sirrr

    • Sohit, it is true that there is more scope in Government sector and less scope in Private sector. My first suggestion for you would be to prepare hard and land a Government job. Otherwise do advanced courses like M.Tech./MBA etc. With further qualifications, employers will value you more. Take a look at management courses offered by Indian Institute of Plantation Management, Bangalore and other similar Institutes.

    • Rohit, State Wise admission process will take place (based on merit marks) take part in that and set your College preference as per required branch (Agricultural Engineering).

  34. SIR,I am studying in SYB.TECH(Agril. Engg.)…is there more scope in India than abroad…and what are more opportunities from this Field??

    • Akash, in India scope is there. But the field is still evolving. Abroad, there is immense scope in the R&D sector related to this field.

  35. What are the job prospects after doing B.Tech. or B.SC. in agriculture in India and abroad. Is prospects better than engineering in- other streams(Mechanical,civil etc.). What are the prospects and vacancy in government and private sectors. Are every graduate recruited. Please advise.

    • Abhijeet, Core Branches would be better than Agriculture. Still, Agriculture field is scope filled. Research and Development sector associated with it is good abroad. In Government Sector, Agriculture Boards, Food related Authorities etc offers jobs.

    • You may go for Agricultural Engineering or B.Sc. in Agriculture. After that, you may do MBA to add some management skills to your skill set.

  36. I am a degree final year student in agricultural can i know the vacancies and how to prepare to clear the exams

    • Nikunja, you may take help of employment news and similar publications. Also, vacancies and recruitment drives are announced via official websites such as State wise PSCs etc. You should keep an eye on such sources to get the required details.

  37. Sir i m appearing in 12th wih PCB can i take addmision in agriculture….if yes to please uske process bataye…..than you

    • Amit, you are eligible to pursue Agricultural Engineering course. You’ll have to appear for State and/or National level entrance test and take part in admission process at Agricultural Colleges.

  38. I am agricultural engineer having a 7 years of experience in this stream. I want to go abroad for working. What is the process please tell me.?

    • Deependra, an advanced Degree in the same field would have made things easier. Anyway, you may look up for jobs abroad on job portals and apps.

    • Sourav, if you have appeared for State wise entrance examination, you may take part in Admission process and try to get seat in Agriculture Engineering program.


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