Operation Theatre Technology Courses

Last Updated on July 28, 2023 by Vishnu Nambiar

In this article, you will be reading about Operation Theatre Technology courses available in India. If you want to become an Operation Theatre Technician, OTT courses will be of help to you! The article covers topics like- course details, eligibility criteria, admission process, syllabus, pg courses & further studies, career prospects and job profiles.

Operation Theatre Technology courses are job oriented. In India, different variants of this course are available. Some such well known variants includes- Operation Theatre Technology, Operation Theatre Management, Operation Theatre Techniques and Operation Theatre & Anaesthesia Technology.

The above mentioned subjects cover the same topics. The core subjects and training remains the same, no matter what the name of the course is!

Operation Theatre Technicians are allied healthcare professionals. Their tasks include assisting Doctors in Surgery, arranging surgical instruments before surgery, sterilizing instrumentation before surgery, cleaning surgical instruments after surgery, carrying out Surgeons’ commands during surgery and taking care of anaesthesia equipment.

In short, OT Technicians work at Operation Theatre of hospitals, Intensive Care Units as well as Emergency Departments. Their main task is to assist Doctors and Surgeons during surgery or emergency procedures.


Under the setup of a hospital, Operation Theatre technicians are usually part of a team that consists of Doctors, nurses and other allied healthcare professionals.


OT Technology courses mentioned above trains students in aspects like surgical procedures, surgical instruments, anaesthesia equipment & dose, patient monitoring and OT Ethics.


Let us check out the course details now-


Operation Theatre Technology Courses

In India, Operation Theatre Technology courses are available in 3 main formats. They are-

  • Bachelor of Science Degree courses
  • Diploma courses
  • Certificate courses


Let us check out each course format in detail and find out vital details about them-


1 Bachelor of Science Degree courses

Number of B.Sc. programs related to OT Technology are available in India. On completing B.Sc. course, successful candidates will are awarded the ‘Bachelor of Science’ Degree! Among the 3 course formats mentioned above, this Degree course format is the most valuable one!


Some of the popular B.Sc. Operation Theatre Technology courses available in India are-

  • B.Sc. in Operation Theatre Technology
  • B.Sc. in Operation Theatre Management
  • B.Sc. in Operation Theatre and Anaesthesia Management
  • B.Sc. in Operation Theatre Techniques
  • B.Sc. in Medical Technology (Operation Theatre)
  • B.Sc. in Surgical Technology


Duration: Bachelor of Science Degree is 3 years long. The academic program consists of classroom lectures and practical sessions. Evaluation is done through written exam and practical test.


Eligibility criteria: In case of most of the institutes out there, minimum educational qualification required is- 10+2 passed with minimum 45% marks in Physics, Chemistry and Biology subjects. Note: Some institutes are also known to accept 10+2 passed students hailing from any stream (depending upon the course).


Admission process: Depends on the institute. Most institutes follow merit based admission process, where marks scored in board exam and/or relevant entrance test are taken into consideration. Some institutes follow ‘direct admission’ process. High profile institutes are known to have their own screening test for selecting candidates.


PG courses and further studies: Graduates may go for relevant M.Sc. courses such as- M.Sc. in Operation Theatre Technology, Anaesthesia Technology, Intensive Care Technology etc. M.Sc. courses last for a period of 2 years. Other than M.Sc. programs, graduates may also go for relevant PG Diploma as well as PG Certificate courses.


2 Diploma courses

Though B.Sc. courses are more valuable and detailed, Diploma in Operation Technology courses are also job oriented ones! For those who like a shorter course, Diploma is much better than the Science Degree courses mentioned above.


Diploma in Operation Theatre Technology course is also known by the short name of D.OTT. It is also known by the names of Diploma in Operation Theatre Techniques and Diploma in Operation Theatre Technician.


Duration: There are two formats of this course available in India. The shorter variant of this course is 1 year long. The regular Diploma in Operation Theatre Technology course is 2 years long. The course consists of classroom lectures and practical sessions.


Eligibility criteria: 10+2 passed in any stream from a recognized board.


Admission process: Depends on the institute. Most institutes follow merit based admission process. Some institutes follow ‘direct admission’ process.


3 Certificate courses

Certificate courses related to Operation Theatre Technology are not as detailed or as valuable as Degree and Diploma programs mentioned above. Still, certificate courses could help one acquire key skills and thus obtain an entry level job in the allied healthcare professional sector.


Duration: Certificate course in Operation Theatre Technology lasts for a period of 6 months to 1 year. In most cases, it is about 6 months long.


Eligibility criteria: 10th passed is the minimum educational qualification required in case of most institutes offering this course.


Admission process: Depends on the institute. Most institutes follow merit based admission process. Some institutes follow ‘direct admission’ process.



Irrespective of the course format, core subjects remain the same, when it comes to Operation Theatre Technology. Let us take a look at the core subjects to get a better idea about the course structure.

  • Anatomy and Physiology
  • Surgical Instruments
  • Patient Monitoring
  • Surgical Principles
  • Pathology
  • Hospital Training
  • Operation Technology
  • Pharmacology
  • Surgical Procedure
  • Medical Ethics
  • Anaesthesia Technology

Career prospects and job opportunities

Healthcare sector is going through a phase of growth. This sector, to function efficiently, will need more qualified allied healthcare professionals.


Operation Theatres in hospitals, Emergency Care Departments as well as ICUs in hospitals are places where OT Technicians are needed. For any operation theatre to function smoothly, OT Technicians are needed!


We all give credit to Doctors and nurses for saving patients’ lives by performing operations. Yes, they do deserve the credit. But OT technicians, who are part of the team, also deserve credit!


Also read:

Nursing courses

Courses after 12th Science biology group

Courses after 12th Science

MLT courses

Radiography courses

Optometry courses

Anaesthesia Technology courses

List of paramedical courses


Skilled OT Technicians are recruited by high profile hospitals, clinics as well as Emergency care departments. Government as well as private sector job opportunities are available in front of OTT professionals.



Starting salary depends on a number of different factors. Prominent factors are- profile of the employer, employee skills, aptitude and grades attained by the employee. General starting salary is around 10-20k Rupees per month. In case of Government job, salary will be based on Pay Band and scale. Abroad, in developed countries, the pay scale is much higher than what it is in India.

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