B.Sc. Medical Laboratory Technology

Last Updated on August 6, 2023 by Vishnu Nambiar

Have you passed 12th standard? Do you want to pursue a job oriented medical laboratory technology course? If yes, this post will be of help to you. Here, we will have an in-depth analysis of B.Sc. Medical Laboratory Technology course.

B.Sc. MLT Course

In this post, you will find all the important details that you need to know about B.Sc. Medical Laboratory Technology course. Here, I’ve covered the following details – duration, eligibility criteria, colleges, fees, scope, admission process, career prospects and more.


Here is a quick overview of B.Sc. Medical Laboratory Technology course –

Name of the course B.Sc. Medical Laboratory Technology
Type of course Bachelor of Science
Field Medical lab technology
Duration 3 years
Eligibility Completed 12th Science with PCB subjects


This course is also known by the following names – B.Sc. MLT and B.Sc. Medical Lab Technology course. It is a Bachelor of Science Degree course. Students who have passed 12th class are eligible to pursue this course.


This course will help you build a decent career in allied healthcare sector. Technically, it is a paramedical course.


What is B.Sc. MLT course all about? What is the course content like? What is it like to pursue this program? Will I get a good job after completing this course? You will find answers to these questions in the next section. Let us start –


B.Sc. Medical Laboratory Technology: Basic Details

This course is well known by the short name of B.Sc. MLT. It is a Bachelor of Science Degree course. This course belongs to the UG academic level. UG stands for undergraduate level.


This academic program caters to the needs of allied healthcare sector. Technically, B.Sc. MLT is a paramedical course. The main aim of this course is to develop a skilled workforce of allied healthcare workers in India.


Who is an allied healthcare worker, you may ask. The healthcare sector consists of different types of professionals. Doctors, nurses, paramedics, helpers, emergency care technicians, healthcare managers/administrators – the list is quite long.


Allied healthcare workers usually assist Doctors and nurses. In short, they don’t carry out clinical tasks at healthcare institutes. They are known to carry out non-clinical tasks and indulge in patient care.


Let us talk about B.Sc. MLT course content now. As the name suggests, this program revolves around medical laboratory technology and its allied areas.


What is medical laboratory technology all about, you may ask. Here is everything you need to know about this domain –


Have you ever been to a medical lab? It is a place where clinical specimen (like blood, urine, stool, saliva etc) are tested for various purposes. Usually medical lab tests are carried out to obtain accurate diagnosis. Medical lab tests help a Doctor find the disease that his/her patient is suffering from.


In a medical lab, you will find different types of professionals. A pathologist is usually the in-charge at a medical lab. Under him/her, medical lab technicians carry out different types of tasks.


B.Sc. MLT course will help you become a medical laboratory technician. These technicians are also known by the name of medical lab assistants.


The main task of a medical lab technician is to assist the pathologist. Here’s the list of main tasks performed by a medical lab assistant –

  • Collecting clinical specimens of patients
  • Labeling clinical specimens
  • Safely storing the specimens
  • Examining the specimen by subjecting it to specific tests
  • Writing down the findings
  • Passing down his/her observations to the main pathologist


B.Sc. MLT course will train you in areas such as –

  • Specimen collection techniques
  • Specimen storage techniques
  • Examination methods
  • Operating relevant diagnostic equipment
  • Preparing reports
  • Pathology
  • Diseases in human beings
  • Human anatomy


Let us take a closer look at the course details. In the next section, you will find the following details – duration, eligibility, colleges, fees, scope, admission and more. Let us start –


Course details


Type of course

It is a Bachelor of Science Degree course. You may also check – B.Voc. MLT course.



The academic program is three years long. Each academic year is divided into two semesters. Each semester is six months long.


Eligibility criteria

Minimum educational qualification required to pursue this course is – passed 12th Science with PCB subjects or equivalent qualification.



Here are some of the core subjects present in the curriculum –

  • Manipal University
  • Punjab Technical University
  • Srinivas University
  • ITM
  • RUHS
  • Parul University
  • The Sankara Nethralaya Academy
  • SRM University
  • Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham
  • Sharda University
  • GVU
  • Chitkara University
  • ADTU
  • GD Goenka University
  • LPU
  • TMU
  • Galgotias University
  • Deshbhagat University
  • RBU


Admission process

Admission Process may vary from one institute to another. Some institutes are known to conduct merit based admission process. Some other institutes are known to conduct direct admission process. When it comes to merit based admission process, relevant entrance exams are conducted to facilitate the admission process.



Tuition fees depends upon the following factors – type of college (Government or self-financing), scholarship status of the student, rating of the college etc. On an average, tuition fees could be anywhere between 60-100K INR per year. You may also check – B.Sc. Medical Imaging Technology course.


PG courses

After completing B.Sc. MLT course, graduates may go for M.Sc. MLT course. They may even go for relevant M.Sc. Paramedical sciences programs. Apart from that, they also have access to PG Diploma and PG Certification (paramedical sciences) programs. B.Sc. MLT graduates may also apply for management programs such as – MBA, MMS and PGDM programs.



Here are some of the core subjects present in the curriculum –

  • Human physiology and anatomy
  • Medical microbiology
  • Medical biochemistry
  • Computer Application
  • Histopathology
  • Bacteriology
  • Haematology
  • Immunology
  • Mycology
  • Virology


Career prospects

After completing this course, you will get access to different types of job opportunities. Govt and private – medical lab assistants have access to different types of job opportunities.


They are usually hired by – hospitals, medical labs, NGOs, healthcare centers, urban healthcare centers, rural healthcare centers etc. In these places, they may don the following roles – medical lab technologist, medical lab technician or medical lab assistant.

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