B Pharm After 12th: Eligibility, Course Details & Jobs

Last Updated on July 28, 2023 by Vishnu Nambiar

B Pharm stands for Bachelor of Pharmacy. It is a 4 years long undergraduate course. After completing the course, graduates will obtain the ‘Bachelor of Pharmacy’ degree. After obtaining this degree, graduates may start practice as a Pharmacist in India as well as abroad! Science stream students, from both Mathematics and Biology groups, are eligible to pursue B Pharm course after completing 12th standard. In this article, you will be reading about B Pharm course details, eligibility criteria, admission process, syllabus, PG courses, career prospects and job profiles available after graduation.

Bachelor of Pharmacy: Introduction

One of the main tasks of a pharmacist is to prescribe medications to patients. It is evident from this very fact that the course of B Pharm focuses on the study of biology, pharmaceutical chemistry (inorganic, physical and organic), biochemistry, medicines, physiology, pharmacology, dispensing etc.


The course trains students in the above mentioned aspects and makes them ready to take on various roles in the pharmaceutical industry. Possessing the knowledge of medicines and biology, graduates may perform tasks such as prescribing appropriate medicine to patients (pharmacist), clinical research, work at pharmaceutical companies etc.


In India, the role of a pharmacist is limited. Abroad, the scenario is fully different! There, pharmacists play a far greater role and command more respect!


Course details

Bachelor of Pharmacy is an undergraduate degree course. Let us check out the course duration details now.


Duration: Course duration is 4 years. The 4 years’ duration is divided into 8 semesters, with each semester lasting for a period of 6 months. In case of each semester, students will have to face one theoretical external examination (main exam). In case of some semesters, practical examinations will also be held, with the subjects being hospital pharmacy, clinical pharmacy and community pharmacy.


Eligibility criteria

Science stream students (both Mathematics and Biology groups- PCM/B), who have passed 12th standard board examination from a recognized board are eligible to pursue this course.


Admission process

To get admission, candidates must satisfy the minimum marks criteria, which is 50% marks (in PCM/B subjects). Most institutes follow the merit based admission process, where deserving candidates are allotted seats based on the marks scored by them in board examination and entrance test. In case of some Deemed Universities and reputed private institutes, private entrance tests are used to allot seats to deserving students. Here are two such pharmacy entrance exams in India – GPAT & NIPER JEE.


Course content

To get a better idea about the syllabus and nature of the course, let us go through some important course content and subjects.

1st year subjects-

  • Pharmaceutical Chemistry (Organic, Inorganic and Physical)
  • Dispensing and General Pharmacy
  • Human Anatomy
  • Physiology

2nd year subjects-

  • Pharmaceutical Analysis
  • Advanced Organic Chemistry
  • Pharmaceutics
  • Health Education
  • Clinical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Mathematics

3rd year subjects-

  • Chemistry of Natural Products
  • Pharmacology 1
  • Industrial Management
  • Computer Applications

4th year subjects-

  • Pharmaceutics (Advanced)
  • Pharmacology 2
  • Pharmacy Practice
  • Pharmaceutical Analysis (Advanced)


Note: Only the important subjects have been mentioned in the above list. Many subjects are recurring ones, meaning that they will appear in more than just one semester! In case of last academic year, there also will be project work involved.


Alternative courses

Since you are interested in the field of pharmacy, I must also present before you an alternative courses that you may pursue, instead of B Pharm. One such alternative course is D Pharm (Diploma in Pharmacy).


It is a 2 years long course. D Pharm is the minimum qualification required in India for one to become eligible to practice as a Pharmacist. Thus, D Pharm qualification too could help you become a Pharmacist!


I must also add that B Pharm course is more valuable than D Pharm. D Pharm course will be of help to those, who failed to secure admission in B Pharm program. On completion of the Diploma course, one may secure admission directly to the second year of Bachelor’s program (Lateral entry)!


Another (more valuable) course is Pharm D. It is a 6 years long integrated course (5 years academic program and 1 year internship). This course has much more content and value than the traditional B Pharm course!


PG courses

On completion of Bachelor of Pharmacy course, graduates have handful of postgraduate courses to choose from. The most natural step forward is the M Pharm (Master of Pharmacy) course. It is a 2 years long PG course. With the help of this PG course, graduates may specialize in a specific field within the sector of pharmacy. They may then do advanced course, such as PhD and venture into the Research and Development field too. After M Pharm, one may also star working as a Lecturer!


Trend among B Pharm graduates these days is to pursue an MBA course! Pursuing this management course helps them acquire key management skills. The combination of management skills and pharmacy studies makes them highly employable in the pharmaceutical manufacturing as well as marketing sectors!


B Pharm Colleges in India

Here’s a list of popular B Pharm colleges in India

  • Madras Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
  • Madurai Medical College, Madurai, Tamil Nadu
  • College of Pharmaceutical Science, Government TD Medical College, Alappuzha, Kerala
  • College of Pharmaceutical Science, Kozhikode, Kerala
  • College of Pharmaceutical Science, Medical College, Kottayam, Kerala
  • College of Pharmaceutical Science, Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala
  • Academy of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Pariyaram, Kannur, Kerala
  • Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Ettumanoor, Kottayam, Kerala
  • Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Puthuppally, Kottayam, Kerala
  • Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
  • IIT BHU, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
  • PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana
  • Pandit Bhagwat Dayal Sharma University of Health Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana
  • NIPER, Mohali, Punjab
  • Central University of Punjab, Bathinda, Punjab
  • Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab
  • Jadavpur University, Kolkata, West Bengal
  • NIPER, Kolkata, West Bengal
  • Institute of Pharmacy, Jalpaiguri, West Bengal
  • Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology, Kolkata, West Bengal
  • College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Berhampur, Odisha
  • College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Puri, Odisha
  • BITS, Hyderabad, Telangana
  • CM College of Pharmacy, Secunderabad, Telangana
  • Osmania University, Hyderabad, Telangana


Career prospects and Job opportunities

Ample amount of job opportunities are available in Government as well as private sectors for B Pharm graduates. One of the most common job that graduates take up is that of a pharmacist. After completing the course and obtaining practice license, graduates may work as pharmacists at Government hospitals, private hospitals/clinics or private medical shops. If one has access to decent financial resources, one may also start an own medical shop!


You may also check –

Pharmacy courses in India

Medical entrance exams in India


Other than that, pharmaceutical companies are also prime recruiters of graduates. In a pharmaceutical company, graduates may work in departments such as manufacturing, quality control, packing, marketing etc.


State wise health boards also provides numerous job opportunities to graduates. Drug inspector, State owned tablets, capsules, powders and ORS manufacturing units etc are well know job providers in the Government domain.


Job profiles available in front of graduates are-

  • Pharmacist
  • Medical representative
  • Scientist (Research field)
  • Teacher (Junior Lecturer)
  • Quality Control Officer
  • Clinical Research professional
  • Drug Inspector
  • Marketing professional


Some of the well known recruiters are-

  • Hospitals and Clinics (Government and Private)
  • Medical Shop chains (the likes of Apollo Pharmacy)
  • State wise Drugs and Pharmaceutical Boards
  • Sun Pharmaceuticals
  • Abbott India
  • Cipla
  • Biocon
  • GlaxoSmithKline India
  • Research bodies and labs
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72 thoughts on “B Pharm After 12th: Eligibility, Course Details & Jobs”

  1. Sir mane P. C. M. se inter pass kiya hai jisme mere result 77% hai main b pharma karna chahta kya ho jyega please reply me

  2. Dear sir pls tell me what’s the procedure for getting admission in AFMC. And tell me more details about it. Pls

  3. sir i have one question
    entance exaM is necessarY for b pharM i have just coMpleted 12th science and i didnt applied for entrance exaM.??

  4. Hello sir, Iwant to know that from which course? Bpharma or pharmD
    We get easily a higher paid job plzz tell me sir.

  5. Hai sir I’m Afrose. I’m in inter Cec completed. I’m in expirence in medical shop 3yrs can I study in bpharm. Plz reply sir

  6. Sir, i am from odisha .i have completed my 10+2 with 70% under CHSE .now iam a bsc student in zoology. I am intrested in drugs -inspector job .what should i do? What should i do for b pharmacy course? Actually idonot know which entrance take me for admission in b pharma course?plz tell me

  7. Sir , i have completed my diploma course in phamarcy .. nd want to continue for further study in b pharm .. my ques. – Is admission in b pharm will be secure [acc. to my diploma certificate or i also have to pass in entrance exam.. ]

  8. if i am from commerce backgrounds so it is possible for me to do the course of b pharma
    i am interested in this course so ..and is there compulsory for b pharma background must be pcm or pcb
    pls help me…to knows about this situation…

  9. Sir i want to do B.pharm ….. can i just know that which entrance examination makes eligible for the course…. and is mathematics necessary for the course ?? .. i am a PCB student .. so am i eligible for the course without taking mathematics in 11th and 12th…?? it would be very helpfull for me ..if you let me know about the process ..

  10. Sir, can I opt for D pharm 1st after completing my 12th instead of doing B pharm or B pharm is necessary to do D pharm
    I want to do D pharm directly instead of doing B pharm
    Plz suggest me sir…. I’ll b thankful to u

  11. Sir mene 12science math se ki hai to muje B pharma krna hai aur mene jis jagah B pharma ki fees pusi bahut jada bta rhe hai lag bhag 60000 to Sir mere ghar ki condition bahut kharab hai sir essa koi college hai kaam kharse me bhi study kr sakta hu aur mere future ???? Sudhar saku

  12. I am eligible for this course after 2 year’s. ..because my age will 20 at that time is there any age limit for the course…..I loved to be always to be a doctor but unfortunately forcibly I took mpc can I write bipc open exams and then take medical course. …pls help me sir I really mad about Doctor pls help me sir

  13. I have completed my mpc with 941/1000 and I am doing diploma in elementry education after completing 2 years can I join in this course…because I am interested in medical fields ….pls help me sir pls …it means me a lot pls…Sir

  14. Hello sir i have completed 12th with 86% marks in cbse and i want to do m.pharm how to begin with that and can u tell me about salary after the cources is done
    Thank you

    • M.Pharm. is postgraduate level course. First of all, you must complete ug level course- B Pharm. After completing it, you may study M.Pharm. Salary depends on many factors- job location, job profile, profile of the employer and your qualifications. It could be anywhere between 10-30k Rupees per month at start.

  15. hey, i am arya .I have completed 12th with 1025 marks ,so can i take B pharm ? I have the capacity to study this course !!!


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